Types of Public Art
Public art is an original work of visual or performing arts. It is accessible to the public and may be permanent or temporary. It is created by an artist or group to represent a community. Because it is public, it must remain free of charge. The purpose of public artwork is to bring a community together, not to impress anyone. Moreover, it should be an expression of the city’s culture and character. There are many types of public works.
Among the most popular types of public art are street murals and bronze sculptures. These are works that express social or political ideas. Some of these works may have political meaning. For example, street murals are often created in opposition to a political authority. The 1980s saw an increase in the overtly political nature of public art, especially in New York and Los Angeles. Also, Land Art is a new genre of 20th century public art, exemplified by Christo and Jeanne-Claude.
Applied public artwork is designed to be permanently attached to a structure. It is usually two-dimensional, and examples include murals on buildings, chalk drawings on footpaths, and illegal graffiti. Another unusual form of applied public artwork is the Melbourne Art Trams, which are converted into a living, breathing sculpture by Australian artist Rose Nolan. These vehicles are a mobile art gallery that features a new form of public art every few minutes.
Public art can be in any medium. However, its primary purpose is to be displayed in a public area. The public space can be indoors or outdoors. For instance, Burke and Wills, a bronze sculpture by Charles Summers, are examples of a piece of public artwork. It is often difficult to determine the best work for a public space, but they are often appreciated. A good way to decide on a public piece of art is to consult with local residents.
Applied public art can take on many forms. Some are created by an individual, while others are created by a municipality or private entity. Almost all examples of applied public artwork are two-dimensional and are viewed from a distance. The most common types of applied public artwork are murals and chalk drawings on sidewalks. While many examples of applied’street art’ are intended to attract tourists, some are suited for outdoor display.
In Western Europe, public art is limited to commemorate secular heroes. The statues of Napoleon and Nelson are examples of these works. In America, the Statue of Liberty is another famous work of public art. In addition to expressing local culture and identity, it also creates a unique and beautiful space. During the nineteenth century, there was a significant amount of participatory public art. The concept of participation in art grew in popularity.